The Utility of Writing Assignments in Undergraduate Bioscience

If you are a Biology student wondering about why writing assignments matters for you, this article is just what you need as it is going to explain the importance of good academic writing in Bioscience. First of all, strong writing skills can facilitate your success in different areas, from university admission to getting grants for future research. High-quality writing demonstrates the basic skills expected of a competent biologist, such as attention to detail, organization, evidence-based decision making, and critical analysis. They say that qualified biologists spend at least 30 percent of their time writing in some form. Therefore, practicing scientific writing plays a vital role in a scientist’s education. Most students believe that writing in biology is boring, but is it true? On the contrary, outstanding writing strives for just the opposite. It must be engaging for the reader and deliver the intended message at the same time. The written work must reflect the quality of Biology as a science. In other words, if your writing is poor, then readers think that your research is poor too. 

Some students find it difficult to write strong academic works in the first years of study. They usually have trouble expressing their thoughts in a scientific form. Thus, young people look for help in order to handle tasks given at college. Personally, I used professional online services that could write my assignment in the UK according to my requirements. But you can use any other kind of help, like asking peers for assistance. Still, as for me, there is nothing more reliable than ordering Biology assignments from professional writers. 

As Bioscience is an interdisciplinary science, it involves multiple areas of study. That is the reason why the standards of writing in Biology are not so strict as with other sciences. For example, citations and references can be made in journal-specific formats. Moreover, papers in Molecular Biology and Molecular Ecology may have differences in their construction.

Types of writing

Research proposals. This type of writing usually must undergo peer review and include a brief justification for the work, offered methods, hypotheses as well as expected results and work implications. Sometimes, proposals may include broader impacts as defined by the National Science Foundation, for example, such as making science results available to the public, contributing to solving a social problem, or training students.

Laboratory reports. They are aimed at communicating experiment findings and include a short experimental objective, introduction, methods description, a detailed data report as well as results interpretation.

Laboratory notebooks. There are two purposes for this type of writing. First, lab notebooks serve as a resource and reference for other scientists in the lab. Secondly, they give an authentic, verifiable record of the research conducted by a particular person. Laboratory notebooks represent a record of scientist’s research activities. Thus, the information written there must be legible, accurate, and detailed.

Research manuscripts. This kind of writing belongs to primary literature that provides the results of experiments. Research manuscripts can have a form of “short notes” that highlight an important result or a form of  “full-length reports” that illustrate a series of experiments and give more complete information. Research manuscripts must include acknowledgments of any provided aid and a list of references. 

Review papers. They are considered secondary literature providing a comprehensive summary of the published findings that relate to a certain Biology topic. Review papers serve as a resource for scientists entering a new field of research. To create a decent review paper, the author needs to synthesize materials into a coherent, structured, and accurately referenced narrative. 

Primary literature critiques. The author of primary literature critiques examines the content and quality of a scientific publication. He or she needs to consider the readability of the research manuscript and analyze if it conforms to the expected guidelines. Primary literature critiques must include the strengths and weaknesses of the experiment as well as the writing style of the paper.

Abstracts. They are short summaries of a research paper that contain the most relevant information from each section. Abstracts include a brief introduction, major objectives, methodological approaches, the most important findings, and a short data interpretation. In some cases, they may highlight the implications of the research. 

As mentioned above, there are no specific ‘rules’ of writing in Biology but there are some conventions that you should follow in your papers. First of all, it is important to use correct English that is free of colloquialisms, jargon, and country-specific slang. To maintain a professional tone, biologists must write in the third person. Also, you should avoid quotes in scientific writing. The exceptions may typically be acceptable in introductions of manuscripts. Instead of quoting, biologists should paraphrase the content in their own words and provide the proper citation. What’s more, it is strictly prohibited to copy the text directly from any resource. When it comes to citations, there is no single style applied to all subdisciplines of biology. Therefore, students always need to read and follow the guidelines given for a particular publication or assignment. In case they are not specified, the typical one to use is CSE. In general, citations for primary literature include authors, year, title, journal, volume, and the number of pages. To refer to sources within a text, bioscientists typically use parenthetical notation. Resources are mentioned in a “Name and Year” format. If your work is going to be published in a journal, it is always better to ask for examples from them. 

Today, the types of “scientific writing” range from lab reports to full-length manuscripts about experiment outcomes. However, the need to communicate Bioscience to the general public keeps growing, so biologists find themselves writing about scientific research for mainly non-technical audiences. Thus, they should master not only ‘scientific writing’ but “writing about science” as well.

Author’s Bio 

Emma Rundle is an academic writer that works at an online service for students. Her work is aimed at assisting students with different types of writing, such as research papers, lab reports, assignments, courseworks, and essays. As her main professional sphere of interest is Bioscience, she is highly competent in this field. 

How Science Makes Modern Baseball Tick

For the longest time, America’s greatest sporting pastime was shrouded in myth and legend, as stories of the past shaped everything that occurred, often with little regard whether such generational knowledge was factually correct or even beneficial.

That all changed as the game became more reliant on statistical analysis and sports science techniques, particularly coming to the fore in the minds of the public and fans when Brad Pitt played the lead role in Hollywood smash hit movie Moneyball.

The movie’s premise was simple enough: a failing team and their beleaguered manager turn to statistical analysis to determine which new players they should draft and which current players should make the starting roster week in and week out.

Since the movie’s release in 2011, the use of data analysis and other sports science protocols has become widespread in baseball and most other sports, as athletes and teams search desperately for that elusive competitive edge.

Here is how science affects the sport of baseball today, and how it allows us to better understand this great old game.

Stats Are Everything in Baseball

A quick visit to any prominent baseball news or betting website will tell you everything you need to know about how much both professional baseball and its fans have gotten into bed with big data.

The amount of information and data collected on all aspects of the game is truly eye-watering, especially to the uninitiated fan starting on their baseball journey.

But generally speaking, baseball players are carefully analyzed by their followers and coaches alike, on everything from RBIs to ERA, with even MLB odds makers working overtime to stay up to date on which players are hot and those who are certainly not.

Reaction Time

Part of the application of science in the sport of baseball has to do with working out what the limitations of the human body and mind are so that coaches can learn to not push players towards impossible targets or goals.

One such example of this is a player’s reaction time, with stats suggesting that no matter how much practice a player does, it will always take them at least 0.017 seconds to activate a swing at a pitch. However, that is still an incredibly short amount of time when you consider that a pitch could be swerving or dipping during its trajectory.

Injury Prevention

Perhaps one of the most useful applications of science in baseball is in the field of player welfare and specific injury prevention.

A coach or team doctor can now see in real-time whether a pitcher is risking injury for pitching for too many consecutive innings, or even if the effects of a long plane journey mean that jet lag will make players sluggish in the outfield. It is then up to said coaching staff to make judgment calls which are informed by the science at their disposal.

How the Game is Played

Science isn’t just changing the way baseball is followed by fans and how teams acquire players. In fact, a great deal of scientific study is going into how the game itself should be played.

In recent years this has meant teams changing everything from how they curve their runs into first base to whether they slide head or feet-first into a base.

With more and more data being made available to top teams, and many MLB franchises ready to pay for said data, it seems like science if only going to become more prevalent in the sport of baseball and dictate crucial moves of players and coaches alike.

Maths and Physics Versus Roulette Can Science Beat the Wheel After All

Roulette is one of the simplest casino games to get involved with, but it comes with complexities of its own. While you can just pick a colour and number at random, actually trying to predict where a ball will land in a spinning wheel needs to take several factors into consideration like position, speed and gravity. 

That’s why people think sciences that specialize is such concepts have the best chance of beating roulette. Of course, other questions arise in terms of consistency and legality. We’re here to break all that down and work out if this theory, one of many regarding the popular game, stands on solid ground. How likely is it that scientists will come up with a system to accurately and fairly win at roulette, no matter the form?

Interest in Science Increases

Certain gambling methods are frowned upon today, but you are allowed to play smart. Just like mastering body language is essential in staying ahead in poker, understanding how the different parts of the roulette table work can also result in more efficient bets. So far, physics and mathematics provide the handiest tools, thanks to research scientists conducted throughout the mid and late 1900s. 

As a game of chance, roulette presented a challenge for their ideas. And they each discovered how their field of expertise impacted the table’s predictability. At the same time, it revealed science’s limitations when it came to creating systems that were practical, as well as fair. To make matters worse, the evolution of roulette in the digital age has complicated things, but also inspired everyone to keep exploring the issue, especially with the sciences growing in power too. According to R&D World, experts predict investment in the industry to increase by 2.7% compared to 2019’s $1,909.8 global spending. 

Maths and Physics on Roulette

The Martingale theory was inspired by Paul Pierre Lévy’s 1934 work and developed in the years to follow by the likes of Joseph Leo Doob to include its application in games of chance. What the system involves in roulette is simple. You start placing small outside bets, where you have a 50/50 chance of winning. If a wager is lost, you double the bets until you win, ideally covering any previous losses and possibly earning a bit extra. When that happens, you revert to the original wager. According to the mathematical theory, this could result in a neat profit. Unfortunately, several factors like budget and betting limits are common obstacles. 

As we’ll see, other math-based systems have worked better, but physics is better suited to tackle the challenge. Newton’s basic laws of motion alone guarantee the ball’s descending motion as gravity and velocity take hold. The option of making broad wagers, such as outside bets, increases the likelihood of landing a well-predicted, educated win. However, roulette wheels are built with features that promote randomness, so a margin of error does exist, it’s the unpredictability and drama that makes the game so exciting. 

Many versions of online roulette do not contain any physics, the game is a simple RNG, so even the best scientist is at no advantage. We invite you to take a look at 888 casino, one of UK’s top online operators, there you will find virtual tables featuring complete randomness due to the RNG technology and join their impressive selection of online roulette games.

So, a proven fact remains. While learning Newtonian physics isn’t a walk in the park, this and science in general can give you an advantage in beating live and online roulette. It all comes down to understanding the variables, observing the game and betting efficiently.

Famous Scientific Roulette Stories

The 1940s saw University of Chicago students Albert Hibbs and Roy Walford successfully work out a system to win big at roulette. After watching and taking notes on how Las Vegas tables performed, they found patterns and placed bets of high probability. Their experiment demonstrated that a keen mind and attention to detail could affect the game’s outcome. Not only did they reveal roulette’s actual predictability, but also the practical merits of strategic study.

The Kesselgucken method, based on the laws of motion, is perhaps the best-known system to date, purely because it was already being practised long before it got a name. Unconsciously or not, players followed Newton’s thinking in their attempts to predict where the ball would land. But it was Edward Thorp and Claude Shannon who took it to the next level with the help of computing. In 1961, they took their portable device to Nevada, where one person used the technology to calculate the variables and then radioed the other with the answer. Another key here was being able to bet after the ball was already launched.

The Chaos Theory

According to new research published in the American Institute of Physics’ journal Chaos, the randomness of roulette can be compromised if the players know some of the starting conditions, such as the speed of the spin and the rotation of the ball, meaning casinos must take precautions to ensure it is random each time.

The Eudaemons’ shoe computer

In the1970s, the Eudaemons built various wearable computers with the intention of cheating the tables and enabling a roulette player to predict where the ball would land. Rather than attempting to predict the exact number where the ball would land, they decided to divide the roulette wheel into eight separate sections. This meant it didn’t need to be exact, it was sufficient to know which section the ball landed in, there was a small but sufficient increase in the betting odds, meaning it was possible to win money. 

Doyne Farmer

Finally, we have Doyne Farmer and his team’s experiment in the late ‘70s, its amusing story contained in The Eudaemonic Pie, also published internationally as The Newtonian Casino. They picked up where Thorp and Shannon left off, increasing the participants and the technology’s capabilities. The journey was tough as their first devices kept malfunctioning or electrocuting the wearer due to sweat. Even their upgraded technology that improved over the years came across obstacles like glitches and signal interference. The fact that assisted roulette-playing wasn’t exactly legal complicated matters further.

Effect of Modern Science

Despite a few problems, science can clearly influence your chances at winning at roulette. Today’s advances in maths, physics and technology have boosted industries, from space data to medicine, so it’s safe to say that their gaming benefits are only going to improve too. A subsequent question, however, is this: can it be done without a device? People’s increasing awareness and interest in cognitive methods alongside other scientific fields suggests that players really could train themselves to make those important calculations by themselves.

The innovators above pioneered the science versus roulette debate, which has expanded from decade to decade. Casino games, whether mechanical or digital, have evolved as well, posing greater challenges for geniuses trying and sometimes succeeding to beat them. In the end, embracing the balance between chance and human intellect is the ultimate way of mastering and enjoying the unique game of roulette.

The scientifically proven ways to boost metabolism

Eating and drinking comes with its own consequences, and they’re sadly with our waistlines. It’s hardly groundbreaking news, but what we put into our bodies is what we get out of them. At the same time, thanks to our metabolic rate, we’re converting the calories we consume into energy. 

We all have different metabolism, depending on our size, gender, and age. We have some form of control over our metabolism, though. We can, for example, control its speed, which is ideal for people who are keen to lose weight, feel better about themselves and perhaps avoid a shark attack that tad bit faster thanks to their new-found speed. The faster our metabolism is, the more calories we can burn off, therefore making weight loss far more achievable. It’s that simple. 

With so many fad diets and ridiculous theories out there claiming to aid our metabolic rate, we thought we’d highlight the scientifically proven ways to boost metabolism. 

Get a good night’s sleep

We’ve all been there and had various distractions before bed time, be it in the form of a Netflix show or the Dark Matter game powered by Microgaming, but it’s vitally important those distractions are put to one side in order to get a good night’s sleep. Researchers have found a link between metabolism and sleep, essentially finding that if you sleep badly, your metabolism can slow down, therefore making losing weight a tougher task than it should be.

Drink green tea

Green tea has long been known to produce antioxidants needed to help our bodies, but researchers have discovered that it can also speed up our metabolism too. You can drink a lot of it as it’s calorie-free also. 

Up the intensity of your workouts 

High interval training instead of slow and steady workouts is said to jumpstart metabolism and aid the burning of calories long after a workout is complete. Try various High-Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) techniques, and you should reap the rewards in the long run. Not only will your body thank you for it, but your metabolism will too. 

Never skip breakfast

Breakfast is considered to be the most important meal of the day, and that applies even more so to people who are keen to speed up their metabolism. A bowl of Greek yoghurt will not only set you up nicely for the day, but a small breakfast snack in the morning will also quick-start your metabolism and get it moving in the right direction. 

Drink plenty of water 

Drinking water comes with a whole host of benefits in itself. Still, research has shown that it also helps speed up digestion and burn calories, therefore aiding the development of a fast metabolism too. Sadly, that tasty bottle of wine in the fridge is going to have to wait. For now. 

Pump iron

Lifting a few dumbbells or mastering your benchpress technique is said to aid a resting metabolic rate and therefore contribute towards a quicker metabolism. Get pumping, people! 

Add some spice to your life 

Do you like food hot? If the answer is yes, then you have been looking after your metabolism without even realizing it. Spicy cuisine is known to aid metabolism, with ingredients such as cayenne pepper containing capsaicin, a helpful tool when it comes to speeding up our metabolic rate. 

Get some cardio in 

As we mentioned above, pumping some iron is beneficial when it comes to boosting metabolism, but so too is cardio exercise as it speeds up metabolic rate which is hugely helpful when it comes to losing weight and being kind to our metabolism. Run! 

5 Great books for educators

In today’s modern world, the best way to get ahead is to have a solid education. That means we need teachers that know the best way to get students the knowledge they need. I present here a few books that we found extremely useful for educators.

1. Creative Schools: The Grassroots Revolution That’s Transforming Education (2015) 

Ken Robinson is famous for this youtube talk about if schools kill creativity:

Education is meant to take us into the future we can’t grasp. Part of what he teaches is how to get kids ready for the next generation of jobs. He believes creativity is as important as literacy and that we should treat it the same way in lectures.

2. Most Likely to Succeed: Preparing Our Kids for the Innovation Era (2016) 

This book is an absolute must-read for both aspiring teachers and experienced educators. You have to read it if you agree that the contemporary system of education is in urgent need of being re-imagined and re-vitalized so that it could better provide for the needs of young people growing up in the 21st century. 

3. Mindset: Changing The Way You think To Fulfil Your Potential(2017)

 “Let’s not waste any more lives, because once we know that abilities are capable of such growth, it becomes a basic human right for children, all children, to live in places that create that growth, to live in places filled with ‘yet’,” says Dweck in her powerful TED-talk

4. The School in the Cloud: The Emerging Future of Learning (2019) 

This  is definitely a book not to be missed by young educators who do not possess a time-machine and intend to teach in the 21st century.

5. The One World Schoolhouse: Education Reimagined (2012) 

My hope is that if you’re an educator you find these books interesting.

Science Running Today’s Casinos

Science and psychology has long played a surprisingly large role in the development of casinos. However, the links between the two are becoming stronger than ever.

This is due to the extreme level of competition within the gambling industry, with countless companies all scrambling to be able to steal a slice of the pie.

The global industry for casinos and the world of iGaming as a whole is now worth around a whopping $500 billion a year. It is clear that gambling is now very big business indeed.

It makes sense to lean on science as a way to maximize earnings. How are casinos doing this?

Science helps to build the customer experience

At both online casinos and their bricks and mortar equivalents, customer experience is one of the top priorities. It stands to reason that science plays a part in its development.

Mathematics is also involved in a big way. Mathematics has a hand in everything to do with a casino, from the odds used on certain table games to the variance of online slots. Return to player is another area within slots where mathematics is part of the equation as well.

At bricks and mortar casinos, science has long been used in the design stage. Casinos famously never have clocks on display, as this keeps guests disconnected from the outside world. A lack of windows is a design choice made by many casinos for the same reason.

Additionally, the layout inside is carefully created in order to encourage people to stay inside and gamble for as long as possible. One of the ways casinos do this is by placing their bathrooms in illogical locations. The idea is players will spot other casino games they want to try out on their way to and from using the bathroom as a result of the maze-like layout of the buildings.

However, there are signs that the industry is moving away from these designs, with many experts believing that they are outdated. Roger Thomas is one of the casino designers to be trying new things such as embracing natural light in a bid to create spaces people will enjoy.

Slot games are another area of gambling where science plays an increasingly big role. New games have more and more pay-lines, which improves the chances of a ‘partial win’ and encourages people to keep spinning the reels for longer, even if they are losing cash overall.

AI increasingly adopted by online casinos

Lots of changes have happened to online casinos in the last few years, including a sharp spike in their popularity during the course of 2020 as a direct result of the coronavirus crisis.

There is no doubt that artificial intelligence is one of the latest branches of science that will have a profound impact on the iGaming industry. Some online casinos have already turned to AI to help solve issues in areas like customer support and this is set to become even more common.

AI is also being used to try to identify players at online casinos who could be at risk of addiction, as well as finding those who already seem to be struggling to control their gambling.

The rise of AI in the casino world can be seen through the development of a computer named Libratus. Back in 2017, the AI masterpiece won countless hands against top-rated poker players, even though the game is one where the human element was thought to be important. 

During the Brains vs Artificial Intelligence competition, Libratus took more than $1.7 million in chips even though the computer had been a 4/1 underdog in the tournament’s betting odds.

Smart, personalized data used to target customers

Casino customers who play at online sites are likely to have received tailored promotions. These have been developed through the use of smart data that tracks how they play online.

These personalized deals make it more like that online casino players will come back to a site to gamble more, which the operator means hopes they will lose more cash in the long run.

While AI can be used to identify problem gamblers and offer them help and support, this data can also be used for more nefarious purposes. It is easy to imagine how an online casino site with an insight into how a player gambles could use this information for their own advantage.

People may not have even realized they gave the green light for science to be used for this purpose. Information about data is usually buried in the terms and conditions, which most casino customers will not have taken the time to read carefully as they signed up for an account.

With the use of science within the industry continuing to grow at a rapid rate, the possibilities for AI and virtual reality at online casinos seem to be absolutely limitless.

How Bad is the European Hornet Sting?

I was curious about how bad the sting of the European hornet’s venom was myself so I looked it up online and had a hard time finding any good information on it. The gold standard for figuring out the pain of an index sting is the Schmidt’s sting pain index. Here are a few of them below.

Yet, the European hornet almost never makes any of these lists. I did find a report that said said it’s about as bad as a European honey bee though. That would put the pain of the European hornet at a pain level of approximately 2. That seemed somewhat doable, so I thought I’d do a short video about them and get stung myself so I could report what happened.

I can say now that the pain is not terrible. It hurts immediately. Then, it burns and throbs for about an hour. After that it more or less goes away until the next day. Then the entire region starts to swell and itch. This lasted on all my stings from about 3-6 days. The sting on my forearm from this video was the worst. The ones on my thumb went away almost entirely right away.

Tales of Human Endurance

If you’re like me, the thought of extended cardiovascular exercise is exhausting before you even get started. Nonetheless, there are many people around the world that love extensive cardio exercise. Some push themselves to the limit with triathlons and other amazing sports. Throughout history, there have been countless examples of people pushing themselves to the limit and completing incredible acts of endurance. Sometimes for sport, sometimes for fame, and sometimes out of life saving necessity. Here are some memorable examples of people pushing themselves to the limit. 

World Record Breakers

Great examples of human endurance can be seen in the record books. In the pursuit of breaking a world record, many people have pushed themselves as hard as they can to set records of the “world’s longest” type. One man named Phil Laak has achieved a similar feat. In 2010, Laak set a new official Guinness World record for the world’s longest poker game, a stunning accomplishment totaling 115 hours. He was allowed to take a five-minute break every hour, but can you imagine sitting at a table playing a stressful game like poker for hours on end? I wonder what would have happened if he busted? 

11 Days With No Sleep

Going without sleep is absolutely excruciating. I don’t think there’s anyone that will deny the necessity of sleep every night to recharge your brain and body. In 1965, one high school student named Randy Gardner took up the challenge and managed to go an alarming 11 full days without any sleep at all. As you can imagine, the results were scary. Just 3 days in, Randy was having immense trouble speaking. His motor skills were impaired, and he needed to be coaxed to do anything at all. This continued for days on end. The Guinness Book of World Records eventually removed his record entirely, to discourage anyone from attempting this dangerous feat. 

 22 Minutes Underwater

Some people have a tremendous drive to prove themselves, and famous diver Stig Severinsen is one of those people. He has dedicated his life to yoga, breathing meditation, and diving sports. A multiple world record holder, he has set the bar for unassisted diving depth, distance swam under ice, and most impressively, staying a full 22 minutes underwater on one breath. It’s unlikely that this record will be broken anytime soon. 

Longest Boxing Match Ever

Boxing has a long and sordid history that goes back generations. Long before the days of big money prize fights, world broadcasts, boxing commissions and judges, boxing was an underground sport put on by spectators and gamblers. Naturally, these lawless fights could get particularly macabre. One such fight went on to become the longest boxing match in history, lasting for a staggering 111 three minute rounds, a total of seven hours and nineteen minutes. Somehow, both combatants refused to go down, trading blows until the referee eventually had to call a stop to it. Both men were terribly wounded. Jack Burke broke every bone in his hands, retiring after. His opponent Andy Bowen was killed in his following fight.  

Swimming the Atlantic 

Even among cardio-intensive sports, swimming is known to be particularly challenging. Benoit Lecomte is considered to be one of the greatest long-distance swimmers of all time, and in 1986 became the first man to do the unthinkable and swim across the Atlantic ocean. For over 73 days, Lecomte covered over 3,700 miles of open ocean. He chose to swim up to eight hours a day, in two hour long shifts. Lecomte was tailed the entire time by a boat that sent out electromagnetic waves, warding off any predators in the waters around him. 

The 11 Hour Wimbledon Match

Tennis can be a much more aggressive and competitive sport than people give it credit for. In 2010, John Isner defeated Nicolas Mahut in what will be remembered as the longest tennis match of all time. Over the course of three exhausting days, the two battled and demonstrated their lightning fast reflexes. The match had to be called at the end of every day because of nightfall. Eventually, on the third day and with some luck behind him, Isner pulled ahead to claim victory in an impressive feat of human endurance.

The Fastest Way to Get the Effects of CBD

There are many ways to get CBD into your system. Each approach comes with benefits and drawbacks. One point of variation is the speed of efficacy. Say you want to relax quickly before going to bed, which CBD delivery method acts the fastest on the body? Let’s look at popular options and compare them to find out.

1 – CBD edibles

Many factors impact how long it takes for edibles to take effect. When ingested, CBD is processed by the liver before it can reach your bloodstream. How long that will take depends on how long it has been since your last meal, as well as what you ate. Factors like age, weight, and taking prescription medications may also impact that speed.

All of this amounts to great variability when it comes to edibles. It can take anywhere between 30 minutes and 2 hours for an edible to become active after consumed. Although a time of around 60 minutes is more common. After ingested, the effects of edibles frequently last 6 hours or more.

The category of edibles includes not only the wide range of CBD food items — like chocolate, gummies, and jam — but also CBD infused drinks. The latter undergoes a similar process after being ingested.

2 – CBD oil and tinctures

Although oils and tinctures can be ingested, CBD products of this nature are more often placed under the tongue. That allows for quick absorption and higher bioavailability than ingesting the substance. When placed under the tongue, the calming effects of CBD usually take hold within 5 minutes.

CBD oil usually stays active for 3-4 hours. And while this is not the fastest method in this list, it is fast enough. Sublingual application of CBD through a dropper also allows for greater precision with the dosage.

Patients using CBD as part of an ongoing medical treatment usually prefer this delivery method. It helps patients and healthcare providers keep track of how much CBD the patient is using.

3 – CBD topicals

In the case of CBD topicals — such as creams, oils, and patches — speed can be measured in different ways. These products are often used to provide localized pain relief for various conditions. Since CBD interacts with pain receptors in the skin, the pain relief usually only takes about five minutes to set in. CBD’s anti-inflammatory properties also kick into effect right away, helping treat conditions like acne and red skin.

However, when applied to the skin, CBD does not make you calmer. Not usually, at least. It takes CBD about six hours to get through your skin and into your bloodstream. Meaning that if you sleep with a CBD face mask on, you might feel the substance affect your mood in the morning.

4 – CBD Vaping

Vaping takes the crown as the fastest delivery method in this list, with some asterisks associated with it. When vaporized CBD makes it into your lungs, it has easy access to your bloodstream. The calming effects are often felt in under a minute.

However, there are health concerns associated with vaping. Make sure you look into those before you pick up the habit. You might be better off sticking with sublingual application of Cibdol’s CBD oil instead.

Using Science to Win at Blackjack

Recently we discussed the different ways that people have tried to beat the casino at roulette, using all types of theories to outsmart the casino with science. But what about blackjack? Can we also use science to put the odds in our favor when playing blackjack?

First, Is Blackjack the Perfect Casino Game?

Blackjack is one of the most fun and popular games on the casino floor. This is probably because it is so easy to play compared to other casino card games like poker. Everyone who has seen a Vegas movie or been to a casino knows how to play. Online casinos have made the game even more popular and relatable, publishing blackjack guides to make players feel more confident, and now, you can also play live dealer blackjack to maximize the realism when on the move. Simplicity, convenience and relatability all make blackjack a game for the masses!

The Counting Cards Method

For any movie buff that has seen the film 21, they will know all about counting cards. The movie tells a true story of a team of mathematicians from MIT who used this method to beat the casino at blackjack. Their stellar mental arithmetic enabled them to count the number of high or low cards to predict what type of cards are likely to come up next. When they believed they would get bigger value cards, they started to bet more money as the odds were in their favor.

Counting cards is the most well-known technique to win at blackjack, but it can get you thrown out of the casino or even spend a night in jail (as many members of the MIT Blackjack Team found out!). But counting cards is not the only way to beat the casino at blackjack!

An Alternative Scientific Theory for Blackjack

Instead of concerning yourself with card counting and getting a casino ban (there are in fact cameras looking for card counting, as well as other high-tech casino security), you could use one of the different scientific strategies that are not as dangerous.

The main one is to compare the cards you have with what the dealer has, and make scientific decisions based on probability of the cards you can see on the table. This means holding and hitting when science suggests it will give you an advantage. This is a fundamental principle often given to beginner players, but it is based on mathematics and could help any blackjack player, a seasoned pro or otherwise.

You should:

  •   Hold if you have between 12 and 16 and the house has between two and six
  •   Hit if you have between 12 and 16 and the house has seven to Ace
  •   Split 8s and Aces
  •   Double or hit Ace to six

Unless you are counting cards, another golden rule is never place insurance bets. These bets are plain stupid and hand the house a 6% advantage of winning the hand.