The Science of Ant Stings

You are outside enjoying a beautiful summer’s day, walking through the tall grass, listening to the birds… when suddenly you feel a tiny jab in your ankle, followed by a terrible burning sensation. “What is that?!” You look down and see you have stepped just a bit too closely to an ant’s nest, and unfortunately for you, it’s a fire ant nest. 

Ants make up a huge part of the diversity of arthropods and a large majority of ants in the world are capable of stinging. An ant stings for two reasons: (1) to immobilize and kill prey and (2) to defend their nest. For this very reason, if you find yourself too close to an ant’s nest, you might be in for an unpleasant surprise, especially if they are fire ants. The fire ant we are talking about here is commonly known as the Red Imported Fire Ant – Solenopsis invicta – which is an aggressive invasive species in many parts of the world, earning a spot on the 100 Worst Invasive Species List. Originally from the Neotropics of South America, they now occupy every continent except Antarctica. These ants are aggressive in defending the nest and tend to sting in hoards. Anyone who has ever been in this situation will assure you that the sting is quite painful. 

fire ant stings finger

So, you might be wondering about how an ant stings and what happens if an ant stings you?  

Ant stings and bites can ruin a day outside, but the mechanism is really quite interesting! We took a close look at fire ant stings in this video with Dr. Adrian Smith from the North Carolina Museum of Natural Science, who is also the host of the Ant lab youtube channel, and here is what we found out. 

For starters, though there is sometimes confusion around whether an and “bites” or “stings” you, it is technically a bit of both, but as Dr. Smith says, you don’t actually really feel the biting. What happens is this – the ant uses its mandibules, those big snappy jaws, to grab hold of your skin and hang on, then they swing their abdomen forward and use their stinger to pierce your skin, this is where the burning sensation comes in. 

Different ants have slightly different stinger structures, but the main structure is the same:

Fire ant stingers have three main parts, a large solid shaft, called the stylet, and 2 quarter circles that run along the sides called lancets, which form a sort of hollow delivery mechanism. The ant inserts the stinger and while the shaft stays in place the lancets are moved rapidly back and forth, pumping venom from the ant’s venom sac into your body. The faster the lanects move, the more venom they can inject. The venom itself is made of different compounds depending on the species, but they are all designed to cause pain – otherwise it wouldn’t be much use in protecting their nest! Fire ant stings have high alkaloid content for example, which is what causes that lasting burning and large red sores. 

Here is another video with awesome footage of how ant stingers work with great fire ant stings pictures and video in slow motion. 

fire ant stinging finger

With all of this in mind, you might also be wondering, are ant stings dangerous? 

The answer is… it depends. An ant sting has different compounds that cause a range of reactions in the human body, and some people can be allergic to them. 

Fire ants for example are very efficient at delivering venom and they are probably up there with some of the most painful ant stings; they are also considered of medical importance, meaning their sting can cause health problems. However, in general, the quantity of stings has to be pretty high to send you to the hospital. What will happen though, is after stinging you will get pimple-like sores on your body, these are known as pustules, which in extreme cases will cause scarring, but will mostly just be sore for a few days. That being said, you could experience a fire ant stings allergic reaction, which indeed is dangerous. In short, try to avoid getting too close to a fire ants nest so you don’t experience too many stings, and if you notice other negative reactions after being stung it is recommended to see a doctor right away!

In conclusion, ant stings are painful and can be dangerous, but are also really cool! As well, even though these ants are invasive in many parts of the world, when they do sting someone they are just doing what they need to to survive and can’t really be blamed for fighting back against giant feet threatening to crush them. 

Curious what would happen if you were to stick your foot in a fire ant nest with just a bit of vaseline and some ice water? Check out this article!

Can Scientists Predict the Probability of Roulette Numbers?

Everyone who plays roulette would like to know which number has the best chance of coming up next. 

Still, is it possible to get some help from science in this respect and find out what number the ball is likely to drop into?

It’s a Game of Chance

The starting point for this look at roulette probability is by understanding that it’s a simple game of chance, so the goal should be only to have fun. This means that the outcome is completely random on every single spin of the wheel, and no one knows what will happen next. Even the croupier who spins the wheel has no idea what number the ball is most likely to land in.

How do casinos know that they’ll win money, though? Well, the house edge in roulette is produced through the fact that the payouts are titled very slightly in the favor of the casino, which means a small house edge appears over a large number of games. 

For example, in European versions of roulette, there are 37 pockets including the zero. Yet, the payout for correctly predicting which number will appear is 35 to 1. This means that a 2.70% house edge is present on any bet you make.

That’s doesn’t mean that you’ll always lose 2.70%. The house edge is something that becomes apparent over thousands of games, so if you  play a few games you could win or lose on every spin you make, which is what makes roulette so exciting.

The Gambler’s Fallacy 

A common belief among new gamblers is that the outcome of a previous spin affects what happens next. Let’s say that the ball lands on number 1, which is red, on the current game. You might believe that this means that there is a lower chance of the next spin being either 1 or red, or that it’s more likely to be even than odd.

However, the random nature of the games means that we can’t say this. The next outcome is just as likely to be red as it is black, and the same chance of being number 1 as 20, 14, or 35. You won’t often see the same number come up twice in a row simply because there are so many numbers on the wheel that could come up randomly.

This belief that the outcome of future spins depend in some way upon past results is known as the gambler’s fallacy. The simplest thing to remember is that the chance of any particular number coming up is exactly the same on every spin that you make.

Systems and Strategies

Roulette has been around since the 16th century, and it’s been incredibly popular during most of that time. This has led to players looking for ways to try and win at this game, and the easy access that the internet gives us to ideas has made it possible for players to look online for strategies and systems.

You’ll see various strategies mentioned as possible ways of increasing your chances of winning at this casino game. Some involve switching between different types of bet while others look for wheel bias or something in the dealer’s way of spinning the wheel that helps you to predict the outcome.

The truth is that there is no betting system that has been proven scientifically to improve your chance of picking the right number every time. The game is so cleverly designed that it might make you feel that you can find a way of winning more often, but it eventually comes down purely to luck.   

Some sources suggest that betting systems that manage your bankroll are the only way of getting a better chance of winning at roulette. Yet, even these strategies can fail if the wheel throws up several unexpected results in a row.


With the amount of analysis carried out on the roulette wheel before now, it seems certain that any chance of predicting the numbers more accurately would have been revealed. The fact that there is no scientific evidence in this respect means that we have to carry on viewing it as a game of chance where the player can’t do anything to more accurately predict the number that will arrive next.  

All you can do to have a better chance of winning at roulette is choose the version of the game and the bets that suit you. For instance, American roulette’s five number wager has the highest house edge while even money bets in European games with la partage or en prison rules give you the lowest house edge you’ll find anywhere.

Above all, it makes sense to view roulette as a form of entertainment that gives you the opportunity to win some money while enjoying the experience. This is one of the reasons why you should never wager more than you can afford to lose and should set a sensible wagering limit for every session of the game that you play. 

How to beat an online casino with science

The earliest associations with the word casino are a spinning roulette wheel, richly dressed ladies and gentlemen, and golden coin slides showing winnings. Today’s casinos are very different from those in the movies. However, the most popular and favorite game is still roulette. Millions of people have won or lost money on this wheel of fortune. In addition to this article, our team gathered for you best Casino list Australia which you can get acquainted with on our website.

Few people can afford to visit a real casino for various reasons. The Internet is pushing the boundaries of what is possible. For adults, online roulette or US dollars are available at any time of day. Without leaving the house, you can immerse yourself in the world of gambling!

The most popular casino game is roulette. Every gambler has tried this game at least once. For a long time, regular players and beginners have been trying to discover the mathematical methods of winning at roulette. Experienced people say that only 10 percent of the game depends on math, and the other 90 percent is pure luck.

Don’t forget that online gambling still has its own rules. And on the first attempt to beat the casino, people can succeed. There’s no magic program that guarantees you consistent wins. Computer technology only makes it easier to collect and process machine number information. Such processing is done in a very short time, whereas for a human being it would take a long time.

However, there are several algorithms for winning in online casinos. This is completely legal and not prohibited by regulations. Every online casino for beginners offers a 100% refund of the first deposit. The only condition for the bonus to be paid out is that it is wagered at a 1:20 ratio. This means that if a new player bets 100 units, they will bet 2000 units and receive the much coveted bonus.

Enter the search term: “online roulette for cash rubles” and you will see an excellent example of this strategy. Any player can make a big profit with a minimum bet. On a deposit of 100 units, the online casino will debit the player’s account with the same amount. Bet 100 units on black, 100 units on red and 5 units on zero (0). A red or black spin brings 200 winning units. Zero is slightly less – 180 units (by multiplying 5 units by 36 cells of the wheel). If this combination is repeated 20 times, each player gets the bonus back and does not lose it.

Move your sensors? What brain research promises

In February 2013, U.S. President Barack Obama, in introducing a new brain research project, the BRAIN Initiative, to Congress, stated, “It’s time to reach a level of research and development not seen since the peak of the space race.

The researchers from the science dissertation writing service like WritingAPaper believe that 2013 was a landmark year for neuroscience. Instead of the space race came the brain race. That is when the largest scientific programs for brain research were launched in different parts of the world.

The first of these, the decade-long Human Brain Project, was initiated in Europe. Hundreds of laboratories from 26 countries are working on the project.

Research in the European program is largely devoted to the development of various information technologies: the creation of databases for scientists involved in brain research, modeling artificial neural networks, neurorobotics, and the creation of neuromorphic artificial intelligence. The total cost of the project was estimated at one billion euros.

A few months after the European program, the U.S. government announced the creation of the U.S. program, the BRAIN Initiative. In this case, the word BRAIN is an acronym for Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies.

The U.S. program includes the development of next-generation brain research methods that will advance brain research at the cellular level. “The program’s priority is to develop and use methods to gain fundamental knowledge about the functioning of the nervous system,” the program’s authors said. American neuroscientists decided to study how dynamic patterns of neural activity become thinking, emotion, perception, and decision-making in healthy and diseased brains.

A year later, Japan and Israel joined the competition, followed by Australia, South Korea, and Canada. 

In 2017, China joined the brain race. This country had been developing a major program for several years. 

The Chinese joined the brain research competition later, and compared to the U.S., neuroscience (especially basic science) was initially less developed there. However, China is now actively catching up with the US.

The Chinese have decided to cover topics that are dealt with in both Europe and the United States. On the one hand, they intend to focus on studying the neural basis of cognitive functions, i.e., to do basic research on the brain. And on the other hand, they are working on early diagnosis and treatment of brain diseases. In addition, they are engaged in developing technologies inspired by the work of the brain – the creation of neurocomputer interfaces and artificial intelligence systems based on neuromorphic principles.

Main areas of research

So, from the programs of the brain research in different countries, we see that they are interested in three important topics in general:

  1. Studying how the brain works, understanding the processes of cognition, coding, storage, and processing of information.
  2. Creation of neuromorphic (brain-like) artificial intelligence systems, based on the studied principles of brain functioning. Here it is important to understand that, for the first time, neuroscience is changing its orientations. If previously its development was pushed by medical needs and by the necessity of treating neurological and mental diseases, now scientists who are engaged in the creation of a new generation of artificial intelligence systems are waiting for new knowledge from it.
  3. Development of neural interfaces.

Why has the brain race just started now?

Scientists have been actively studying the brain before. However, in the late 1980s and early 1990s, neuroscience was revolutionized. New research methods began to appear, new knowledge was gained in genetics, biology, and nanosciences. All these opportunities accumulated cumulatively and led to a sharp breakthrough in 2013.

Technologically advanced countries started to say that brain research should become the key task of science and that the most important state S&T programs should be related to this topic.

The revolution in methods has raised the level of research to fundamentally new heights.

Previously, researchers mostly dealt with whole structures and areas of the brain, and the main methods of studying it were the electroencephalogram (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). These methods made it possible to record the electrical activity of conglomerates of cells numbering millions (EEG) or hundreds of thousands (fMRI) of neurons.

Placing electrodes directly inside the cranium allowed for making more accurate measurements, but did not allow recording the activity of individual nerve cells, since a millimeter of cortex can contain from 50 to 100 thousand neurons.

Now, however, some methods allow research at the cellular level. Scientists are now able to address individual cells rather than entire brain structures.

When studying the brain of animals, neurophotonics methods have been used. They allow penetrating the depths of the brain and studying individual nerve cells with the help of optics.

The understanding that the unit of information storage may not be a group of cells, but an individual neuron, has also revolutionized neuroscience.

Another important factor that moved research forward dramatically was the development of information technology, which makes it possible to analyze huge amounts of data about brain processes.

What have these new knowledge and technologies allowed us to achieve in the neurosciences? Let us tell only about some of the research in this field.

Mind-reading. As fantastic as it may sound, researchers have developed crude but still realistic methods of reading minds. They are called Mind Reading or Brain Reading.

In other words, scientists are already able to identify what kind of mental activity a person is engaged in at a given moment. New methods for recording and analyzing brain activity have made it possible to begin serious developments in the field of mapping – the mapping of concepts and notions that are represented in the adult brain.

Thanks to artificial intelligence systems, i.e. the use of machine learning algorithms, it has become possible to train a computer neural network to recognize images (both static and moving) that a person sees at a given moment from the signals of the brain’s electrical activity. So far, these images are reproduced roughly and inaccurately, but the important thing here is that scientists now have a code that allows them to connect mental processes with processes in the nervous system.

The neural network is trained as follows: subjects are presented with various clips, and brain activity is recorded using functional magnetic resonance imaging. The information obtained from several subjects is accumulated, and the neural network is trained with its help. Using this “experience,” it is then able to recognize video sequences in people who have not participated in the machine learning process.

Decoding the content of dreams. Machine learning, on the other hand, can decode the content of dreams. In the study, scientists recorded the activity of a sleeping person, then woke him up and checked whether the artificial intelligence correctly predicted the images the person saw in his dream. The machine doesn’t recognize the images accurately enough, but it is already able to distinguish between men or women, a group of people, or a single person.

Not only images but also speech can be reconstructed from brain activity. But if the previous methods were based on fixation of brain activity using noninvasive methods, i.e. EEG and fMRI, speech reconstruction was based on signals obtained using a grid of electrodes that were placed directly on the brain. The speech was reconstructed using artificial intelligence systems. By brain activity, scientists learned to artificially reproduce what a person only plans to say mentally, even without laryngeal articulation.

But attempts to understand the nature of experience, consciousness, and memory through such a macrocode are limited. fMRI works with a group of cells of hundreds of thousands of units and records their total activity, whereas to obtain more accurate results one needs to work with individual cells.

Neural Interfaces

According to the professional researchers from the best writing services a neural interface (or brain-computer interface) is a technology that allows the brain to send information to and receive information from an external device. Such an external device could be a computer, an artificial limb, an exoskeleton, a drone, a wheelchair, etc.

Such a device makes it possible, for example, for paralyzed people to move. For example, when the spinal cord is damaged, a person can no longer move his or her legs or arms, but the areas of the brain that control movement remain intact. They are still able to control the body. A person’s mental commands are decoded by recording the electrical activity of their brain. Electrical signals coming from the brain are fed to an external device.

There are also interfaces capable of transmitting signals from the prosthesis to the brain. Most interfaces at the moment are non-invasive because invasive technology – implanting electrodes directly into the brain – has serious drawbacks. Electrodes are rejected by the brain or cause damage. Therefore, researchers are trying to create new devices based on other technologies.

Ethical issues

Above we intentionally did not mention the ethical side of the issue. It was important for us to acquaint our readers with the state of affairs in the field of neuroscience.

However, every new development in the field of neuroscience raises ethical issues. We can see that scientists and humanity have serious opportunities to directly interfere in humanity’s inner world.

Methods of studying brain activity provide opportunities, in essence, to dissect a person, to deprive them of their intimacy, their right to their inner world, their right to secrecy about themselves, and their right to autonomy.

Previously, attempts to control and influence a person came from the outside, they had to pass through the filter of his consciousness, and he could consciously resist them. Now, the researchers say, technology will be able to influence a person’s desires and actions in such a way that they will be sure that they come from themselves and are done according to their will. Of course, ways of influencing a person by bypassing their consciousness have long been known: hypnosis, NLP techniques, and some other methods. But they have never been a mass phenomenon and have a lot of limitations because the tool used here is the personality of the one who is trying to influence the person.

Will society be able to deal with the dangers and possible abuses? To deal with the received technologies and prevent their abuse, society must have certain qualities and characteristics – at least be guided by strong ethical and moral principles.

To what extent is our society today such a character? How firm in their ethical and moral principles is the new social class of digitizers who will have access to knowledge and achievements of neuroscience in the first place?

The Most Interesting Science Documentaries About Our Planet

Using evidence, science investigates the natural and social world. Scientific proofs are everywhere nowadays, which can sometimes seem strange but are still true. Science requires a variety of experiments and research to prove facts. Moreover, scientists have a tendency to dabble in different fields of study, so you will prolly find documentaries about biology, the psychological effects of online casino sites and how online gaming affects our mood. Watching documentaries about our planet might prove valuable since we can discover many interesting facts we weren’t aware of.

The food we eat, the water we drink, the air we breathe – all of these are science subjects. Which hormones are activated when playing at lucky nugget canada and what affects the adrenaline to skyrocket when we win? What is hidden in the depths of the ocean? And what hids in the wilderness that we didn’t know about? 

Here’s a list of our top 5 documentaries about our planet.

My Octopus Teacher (2020)

This documentary movie is made by Craig Foster, who has been making documentaries for 20 years. Foster took a strange decision that led him to make this movie. He decided to dive underwater every day, in the forest near his home in Cape Town, South Africa. He encountered an octopus that was hiding from sharks. Octopuses’ strange and complex behaviour gave Foster a great idea. He tracked the octopus and over time the octopus responded, greeted him, and even played with him. That gave him the idea to investigate this form of intelligence, so he started filming the animal, and later made a documentary movie.  

Night on Earth (2020)

This documentary movie is produced by Bill Markham. His goal was to film animals from all over the world. The point was to get to know what animals do when no one is looking. The movie has six episodes showing a variety of animals in their natural habitat. For instance, tigers and lions chasing baby zebras are in the scenes, an eye-opening and disturbing scene. Nevertheless, this is nature and a form of natural behavior. The special equipment was used for the night scenes to be filmed, which gave the amazing graphic content. 

Spaceship Earth (2020)

This movie was directed by Matt Wolf and contains scenes that have never been seen before. The experiment was made by mastermind writer and ecologist John Allen. It included a self-designed ecosystem that was hermetically sealed. Eight people entered this space in Oracle, Arizona, on 26 September 1991 and the doors were locked behind them. After two years, they came out, much wiser about environmental awareness, and defended their theory. 

Kiss The Ground (2020)

The director of this film, Josh Tickell, knows how to get attention. He powered a van using cooking oil and drove across the US in 1997. Even though no one could accept this theory, he continued to film and write about this. His work focused on human influence on climate change, and how we must change many things we do to save our environment. The movie consists of epic footage which was filmed on five continents, and it contains astonishing visuals from NASA, Atmospheric Administration, and US National Oceanic. Scientists from around the world contribute to this documentary.

Crip Camp (2020)

This is a free-spirited story about a Woodstock-style summer camp, which was placed in the Catskill mountains of New York. The camp was specially designed for teens with disabilities. Nicole Newnham and James LeBrecht are writers and producers who won the Audience Award in 2020. Camp Jened, as it was called, was the first camp in the early 1970s where people with disabilities could attend, and actually be heard and seen, and taken care of. The whole documentary revolves around the camp and what it means to the disabled teenagers who spend time there.


Within a few hours, documentaries can change your life perspective, providing you with content that is otherwise unknown to a wider audience. It can make a difference to the individual, but it can also make a difference to the wolrd, as you learn the secrets of our planet. There are various documentary movies about our planet, and there is no doubt every person can enjoy them. You may feel inspired to do better for this world after watching the documentaries listed above. 


Can Scientists Predict The Winner Of a Horse Race

Horse racing is one of the most popular sports when it comes to betting, and bettors have always looked for a way to predict the outcome of a race. From using data to handicapping and deep analysis, there still isn’t an accurate way to predict which horse will win the race.

So, what if we use science to base our predictions? After all, the top 10 fastest horse breeds in the world should have certain physical characteristics that give them an edge over other participants in the race, right?

Well, in today’s article we will look into horse racing science and find out more about what makes horses good for running and can scientists predict the winner of a horse race.

What Makes a Horse Good For Races?

According to the Equine Science center at Rutgers University, horses have evolved several physiological features that make them ideal for running and winning races. 

For instance, horses can only breathe through their nostrils, which are situated on the sides of their snouts. Over the years horses have adapted these genetics that helps them on the race track by preventing kicked-up dust and dirt from entering their lungs if they run with their mouths open.

Scientists have managed to find what they refer to as a ‘natural blood doper’ which is a huge spleen that stores a blood supply very rich in red blood cells in some of the best racehorses on the planet.

It is a spleen that is common only in some of the most elite horses making them stand out from others in the competition. Normal horses have around 35-40% of oxygen-carrying red blood cells, but champions with huge spleen have a whopping 80% red blood cells.

When horses start to gallop, the surrounding muscles clamp down on the spleen and squeeze all that extra blood into the circulation system. This makes particular horses faster than others.

Additionally, it is worth noting that horses are heavy breathers, and inhaling all the oxygen in a horse race is not a simple task. On top of that, horses can only inhale while striding their front legs forward. This means that horses that move their legs faster due to the higher blood circulation and muscle build can also breathe easier. 

Can Scientists Predict The Winner of a Horse Race?

There are definitely some attributes that make horses better for running than others. However, their abilities and physical build isn’t the only thing that can affect the outcome of a race. For example, scientists have found out that horses that are coasting along behind the front horses which are battling wind resistance have more energy for the final dash.

Genetics also plays a very important role, which is why horse breeds from champions have a higher price than others. Naturally, if a horse has extraordinary abilities and muscle build, there is a good chance that other generations of that horse will inherit some of those abilities as well.

So, even though scientists can find the horse that has the best chance of winning the race based on his physical abilities, there are still many other factors to consider that can impact the outcome of a race.

On top of that, running such tests and finding out the abilities of the horse requires a lot of time and effort. Additionally, all the participants should be willing to participate and allow scientists to run tests on the horses before the race.

So, theoretically, scientists can have some idea about each horse’s abilities based on different factors, but they cannot know for certain if that particular horse will win the race.

This means that the best chance for predicting the winner of a horse race is still the data that you analyze before every race. Your goal should be to find a pattern that compares the horse’s abilities, past records, and pace and possibly come up with a solution for a winning horse.

The Most Famous Natural History Museums In The USA

It’s no secret that the United States is home to some of the best museums in the world. These museums are filled with incredible exhibits and artifacts that offer insight into our history and world. They are meant to be educational and inspiring, but they have also become tourist attractions. If you can’t afford to visit these top museums, try your luck at the best online casinos that payout usa

Today’s article will explore some of these famous museums in the United States.

The American Museum of Natural History

Location: New York City, USA

The American Museum of Natural History, one of New York’s great cultural landmarks, is flanked on one side by the tenacious Central Park. Visitors’ scientific curiosity is piqued by the iconic Central Park West entrance hall, which features a bone-crunching conflict between a ferocious Barosaurus mother and an encroaching Allosaurus.

The American Museum of Natural History is the world’s most comprehensive repository of specimens pertaining to the planet’s natural history. It has more than 30 million pieces in its collection. This beautiful Romanesque Revival structure, constructed specifically for this purpose in 1888, only displays the most impressive portions of its contents.

The museum has a maze of displays spread across five levels, making it easy to get lost. Early human remains, enormous old sequoia (redwood) trees, Easter Island stone statues, classic American wildlife, and a Titanosaur cast so long it peeks past the exhibit doorway are displayed in the Museum of Paleontology. The Hayden Planetarium’s incredible shows are definitely worth the price of admission.

Field Museum of Natural History

Location: Chicago, USA

As a pillar of the scientific community, the Field Museum is a beacon of hope for the world’s scientific community with its breathtaking Chicago exhibitions. Originally on display at the World’s Columbian Exposition in 1893, the museum’s collection has grown to 40 million artifacts, and it has remained there by Lake Michigan since 1921.

As part of its permanent collection and event calendar, the Field Museum strives to be innovative and interactive (and fun, of course). Success at the museum may be seen in the work of its YouTube-conquering Chief Curiosity Correspondent, Emily Graslie.

Children and adults alike can participate in a wide range of family-friendly science projects, allowing them to learn about our natural world’s wonders, oddities, and educational worth. Be sure to check the Illinois online casinos when you visit Chicago.

Natural History Museums of Los Angeles County

Location: Los Angeles, USA

As the largest natural history museum in California’s southernmost county, it may not be as well-known as its East Coast counterparts. There are more carats of gold in the Gold Rush display than Aladdin’s cave and Smaug’s hoard combined.

A Plesiosaur and her unborn baby skeletons, the world’s largest Ammonite (enormous), and a chocolate-scented nature garden are among the area’s other hidden treasures. PETA is keeping an eye on things.

The La Brea Tar Pits, a 15-minute drive away in Hancock Park, is what truly sets the museum apart as one of the top natural history museums on the planet. Fossils from the Ice Age are excellently preserved by the bubbling, leaking asphalt beneath the park. Right in the middle of the city of Los Angeles, there is an ongoing archaeological excavation. Since the first excavations began in 1913, there have been several discoveries of mammoths, dire wolves, saber-toothed cats, etc.

Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Location: Washington D.C., USA

It’s not a contest, but you can see the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History’s pride in its collection. It contains 146 million distinct objects.

The Smithsonian is not just the world’s most popular natural history museum. Still, its massive Neoclassical structure also commands attention on the National Mall, a stone’s throw from the White House (don’t get any ideas).

Attractions like Henry, the African Bush Elephant’s habitat in the Rotunda’s ornate archways and pillars, make it an instantly identifiable museum venue worldwide. The Hope Diamond is one of the museum’s most notable art pieces. Few jewels have as extensive and compelling a story as this piercing-blue, purportedly cursed 45-carat diamond.

There appears to be a curse that only affects individuals who possess the diamond rather than those who gaze at it. So it’s a good thing that the rock has attracted over 100 million admiring glances since its inclusion in the Smithsonian Museum’s collection in 1958.


The post covers the best natural museums in the USA. Natural History Museums like the Museum of Natural History in New York and the Smithsonian Institute have many unique exhibits covering a wide range of topics. These museums are constantly working to discover new information about the world around us and help us learn about our connection to it.

Top STEM Topic Areas for a Strong Dissertation

Before you finish college, you’ll be required to complete a dissertation to help gauge the skills and knowledge you’ve gained in your area of study. If you’re a STEM student, you need to be smart to complete the dissertation, and this starts with your topic selection. We’ve selected some top science topics to make your dissertation strong and show your mastery of content.

What Dissertation Topic Selection Involves 

Your dissertation topic selection must be wise to make the subject of your dissertation precise. Topic selection isn’t something you do within two minutes or a day. You have to take your time, research well, question your mastery, and settle on a topic you understand well. Importantly, research winning topics that interest your audience and that have many related sources and materials.

Since your dissertation will have a recommendation, it’s important to understand what’s been done and what you’ve done to recommend what’s to be done in the future to improve the topic. A very broad topic isn’t good. You won’t get the time or resources to research and discuss every aspect of the subject matter. When selecting a dissertation topic, make it current and up to date. This also means you’ll get resources and relevant materials from previous works and use them to improve your work.

Top STEM Topic Areas for Dissertations Today

We’ve categorized these topics based on STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) categories. Note that some stem topics overlap, and it’s alright to write a dissertation on one category even if it is similar to a different STEM category. 

Top Science Topics

Depending on your area of science, you can select a dissertation topic from the following trending areas in science:

  • Microbiology and Bioengineering like AAV gene therapy
  • Climate change, Endangered Species, and sustainable agriculture 
  • Infectious diseases, Epidemiology, and Viruses
  • Cancer Biology 
  • Behavioral Biology and economics, such as in marketing, media, and political misinformation 
  • Data science
  • Astrobiology
  • Music therapy 

Top Technology Topics

Technology is comprehensive but has a point of convergence. Depending on your area of technology, you can research topics from the following technology trends and developments:

  • Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning
  • Robotics
  • Blockchain and cryptocurrency 
  • Edge Computing
  • Quantum Computing
  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality
  • 5G
  • Web 3.0

Top Engineering Topics

Like technology, engineering is wide with many topics but has a point of convergence. Some engineering topics also overlap with technology and science topics. Here are the  top engineering topics and emerging industries that you can research and write on

  • Financial engineering, such as blockchain 
  • Robotics and automation. This includes AI and machine learning in science.
  • Micromanufacturing
  • Autonomous/self-driving vehicles
  • Nanotechnology and new materials 
  • Clean energy/environmental protection engineering
  • Bioengineering and engineering of complex diseases 
  • Nuclear engineering
  • Digital security

Top Mathematics Topics

All math topics are intertwined with numbers and algebra, but they diverge in purpose. Depending on your area of mathematics study and research, here are the top math trends that can make your dissertation strong: 

  • Mathematical Finance
  • Applied analysis and mathematics
  • Scientific Computing and Numerical Analysis
  • Algebra, Geometry, and Combinatorics
  • Partial Differential Equations
  • Mathematical Biology
  • Differential Geometry and topology
  • Martian gravity


STEM is a world of exciting discoveries, new developments, facts, theories, and research. As a student, writing a dissertation requires analyzing topics and looking for relevance, credible sources, and new developments to gain knowledge and prove mastery. 


Learn How to Write an Assignment in 7 Steps in 2022

Do you have a hard time writing an assignment? You are not alone. Students across the globe experience the stress and anxiety of this task trying to meet a deadline. But there is a way to make this work easier and even enjoy it. To be successful in college assignments in 2022 you need to follow these 7 simple steps.

Get yourself motivated

It may sound hard but you can motivate yourself to work on an assignment that was not interesting to you at first. Explain yourself a simple question about why this task exists? What skills will it teach you? And most importantly, how does it affect the life around you? In the end, every assignment helps solve one of the problems of our day-to-day existence. This way, you will be much more motivated to work. And you will know exactly how to do it the best way. All that is left is to gather the pieces and compile them into one picture.

Analyze your topic

Every assignment topic is a problem that needs to be resolved. Begin by asking questions related to your topic and these questions would become a basis for your writing. For example, if the topic touches on the problem of relationships between extroverts and introverts, ask appropriately. What are these types of personalities? What misconceptions about them exist and how to find understanding between the two. The more detailed your questions are the easier it will be for you to find the necessary information to resolve the question.  

Avoid distractions

Your phone, your friend or even your dog may call for your attention at any moment. Giving them this attention may seem harmless at first. But studies show that every disruption of the workflow, no matter how short, causes you to lose approximately 25 minutes on recovering the pace at which you worked before the disruption. So, when you spend 15 seconds checking your messenger, you lose 25 minutes and 15 seconds of productive work. Scary, isn’t it? To prevent this, set a solid timeframe in which you will work without distractions. Even half an hour of focused work can give you ten times more than than when you work with distractions.

Collect the needed information

The internet today is a sea of information that freely gives to those who ask. Use your prepared questions to start searching for content for your assignment. Do not copy the first thing you find but instead verify it on multiple websites and stick to the trustworthy resources. A paper writer should learn to go the extra mile to make his paper informative to those who will read it, which services like Superiorpapers do. 

Make a draft

The easiest way is to structure your work in separate boxes and fill them in accordingly. The first box is, of course, the introduction, where you tell about the problem and why it is important. The main body of the paper should consist of  paragraphs that could be based on the questions you asked to your topic. Fill these with broad answers, using arguments and citations from trustworthy sources. Finally, the conclusion is the place to sum up your ideas and give a practical solution to the problem. 

Get someone to participate in your research

At any moment of your work, it is not reproachful to ask for assistance. Be it a law assignment help service that gives you professional advice or simply your friend who already knows the subject. Seek constructive feedback on your work to make it better and motivate yourself to move forward. 

Rewrite it to a final product

When the core of your assignment is created, it is time to prune its rough edges. This is where you’ll need all the feedback you managed to gather. Additionally, you should re-read the paper yourself and run it through a grammar check tool to avoid mistakes. By the end of this stage, you will get a piece of cake, that reads good and gives meaningful information.



2022 is a difficult year, but it does not have to be so in your education. We hope these 7 steps will help you learn how to write an assignment in 2022.

Online Gambling & What It Does To Your Brain

Just like every other part of our body, our brain also needs regular exercise to function at its peak every time. Research has it that the more diverse the interactive activities you carry out for the brain, the more effective and efficient it will be. Just like playing the classic crossword puzzles or reading books every day, playing modern games will also go a long way in improving it, this also includes online gambling

Are Slot Machines Useful?

Slots are arguably the most popular type of casino game accepted across the world. And yes, it is useful as it can be used as a method of systematic training despite the simplest of all casino games. But you don’t have to play them frequently, in fact, you don’t even have to set a goal for earnings while playing them. You should visit online gambling sites at least twice a week to consolidate their effect on your brain. There are always thousands of slots available at an online casino, and you also have the option of playing free demo slots in which you don’t have to pay a dime. Learning a new game will give you an additional skill set.

What are the Benefits of Slots?

  • It helps in developing logical thinking (by estimating its payout ratio, intensive study of the machine, and building your strategy).
  • Improves your memory (by memorizing new symbols on the reels, and types of free spins).
  • Improves your reaction rate (the instant reflex of you trying to stop the reel and catch specific symbols).
  • The simultaneous interaction of the two brains.

Playing slot games have a way of improving your brain through different analyzers. Your ears, eyes, and sense of touch all work simultaneously as you play the game, and your brain evolves and improves as it tries to keep up with your activity. This kind of activity forces the brain to work with more effort.

Learning something new is always paired with some discomfort, as we often see new players being annoyed with the fact that they can’t remember which symbols are winning, or what kind of free spins and bonuses are available at a slot machine. But as time goes on, and the player continues playing, everything will start to settle into place and the gamer will become more familiar with the game. In science this also translates to your nervous system creating new neural connections, and this is very important for constant brain development. Your brain needs to continue creating new neural connections to improve, which is also one of the reasons players change slot games frequently, to force their brains to analyze new data.

What Are the Benefits Of Casino Card/Table Games?

The game of poker and blackjack has been overly popular in music, movies and the world of entertainment. Poker and blackjack are considered to be as good for the brain as the game of chess. It is strictly a game of intelligence, and professional poker players have to be quite erudite.

Benefits Of Card/Table Games:

  • Improves your logical and strategic thinking.
  • Your ability to program the brain.
  • It improves your reaction speed which is needed in the game.
  • Improves your memory (visual memory is especially needed in poker/blackjack).
  • Improves the capacity for associative thinking.

Following research and study of long-lived people, it was revealed that the absence of disease is due to the ignorance of the existence of those diagnoses. This can also be translated as people being too paranoid of their health problems to the extent of them finding themselves in the worst-case scenario. A self-destruct program is set in motion for the brain.

This can also be used in gambling. A gambler is always setting himself up to win and claim success at games, and this, in turn, makes his brain process itself towards a specific direction, to win. See casino games as a good way to have fun to relieve stress. A positive attitude toward online gambling will also ensure the safety of your mental health.