# Decoding Luck: A Scientific Perspective on Chance and Probability

Luck often drives many parts of our lives. How many times have you heard, “oh I just had an unlucky day” or “it’s my lucky day” for example? While most people consider it a random phenomenon, showing whether one is fortunate or not, there is a lot more to it.

Scientists have for decades explored this concept, forming different definitions and explanations. We used to rely on our destiny when talking about luck. However, not many people think about how much chance and probability impact the final result. For instance, an individual finds a free parking space during busy hours and considers it good luck. In this case, the concept explains sudden positive events that make a person think they are fortunate today. However, the role of chance is often underestimated, so let’s explore all the peculiarities from the scientific angle.

## The Nature of Chance

This term is used daily to describe the likelihood of a certain situation. For example, weather forecasters usually consider numerous factors when predicting rain, but it still depends on chance. Not everyone knows there’s a particular formula for calculating chance. In this case, you need to count the number of ways an event can occur and divide by all the possible outcomes. It seems pretty straightforward, but this approach is often used when projecting particular events.

Randomness is frequently considered synonymous with chance, but the latter definitely has a broader scope. Of course, sometimes everything does not go as predicted, and randomness plays its role here. In opposite to chance, it cannot be calculated or evaluated. For example, a new team member scores a goal during a football match: no one can predict whether a beginner can show success, but it’s still possible.

## Fundamentals of Probability

You might wonder what is the difference between chance and probability. At first glance, these two concepts are the same, as they both indicate the likelihood that something will occur or not occur. Chance is often used in people’s everyday lives to describe the chances of a team winning the match, weather changes, and so on. On the other hand, probability is a mathematical term used to measure the same possibility using the percentage indicator.

Statistics is the science that allows us to analyse events using the fundamentals of probability. For instance, what is the chance that dice will fall and show five? Overall, there are six possible outcomes, one of which is favourable. Therefore, the probability is described as 1/6 or 16.67%. In simple words, probability indicates something likely to happen – and you will be surprised when you think about how much you use this concept in your daily life.

## Psychological Aspects of Chance and Luck

Most people perceive luck as something random, but as we have already learned, it strongly depends on probability and chance. And when a person considers something a coincidence, they often forget how many factors influenced the outcome.

Neglect of probability is a common type of cognitive bias when a person doesn’t want to consider their chance. In this case, people prefer to avoid risks when making important decisions. Choosing the solution with the highest chance of a positive outcome is the best idea, but individuals often tend to select just what they like most. Trading can become a perfect example: many would rather invest in a risky deal with higher profits rather than choose smaller income and lowered risks. This phenomenon is still under investigation, so we may see more examples and solutions in the future.

## Application of Probability in Everyday Life

The probability theory is used daily; weather forecasts are the simplest example. Of course, experts evaluate numerous criteria that satellites monitor round-the-clock. Knowing this data allows weather forecasters to predict whether it will be rainy, sunny, and so on. However, mistakes still happen due to the lack of information or sudden changes in the atmosphere. Here, the probability theory is implemented: a short-term weather forecast is likely to remain correct, while the long-term one implies high chances for change. The same applies to financial markets, where experts analyse activities and make their predictions on future trends. There’s always the risk that the situation will change rapidly and everything will end up entirely different from initial forecasts.

## Special Focus: Probability in Games of Chance with Free Spins

Gaming is another industry where probability theory is widely spread. Suppose a user would like to play the widespread dice games: here, most prefer to rely on their luck. Obviously, there are lots of tips on how to try your luck with free spins, but it’s still all about chances! Rolling a dice implicates six possible outcomes. As a rule, at least one is favourable for a player. Most games of chance available for modern users imply probability, which makes them so thrilling.

The concept of free spins in online slot machines is in demand now – this option allows users to spin the reel and win if Lady Luck is on their side. Again, many consider this entertainment random, but in reality, there are multiple possible outcomes generated by a computer. Some bring the coveted win, while others will disappoint users. All in all, free spins are a promotional tool used by gaming establishments to attract players – but it can still work in the player’s favour.

## Probability and Free Spins: An Example

Free spins are the common offer available on gaming websites: users can spend it on their chosen games and increase their winning chances. Slots’ outcomes are randomized, but the chances to win vary from 1 in 5000 to 1 in 34,000,000. A good example is Mega Moolah no deposit bonus spins where average wagering is x200. Quite an unpleasant statistic, isn’t it? Determining actual chances is uneasy, as the outcome depends on numerous factors. Considering the probability of getting the desired victory, users prefer to think results are completely random. In this case, free spins help reach the coveted winning, allowing users to enjoy the game without additional investments. The chances are increased: for instance, 50 spins provide more positive opportunities than 10 of them.

## Final Insight

People don’t often think about how much the probability theory is implemented in their lives, relying on destiny. However, the concept of luck is based on chance, showing all the outcomes and the possibility of their occurrence.  Weather forecasts, the result of sports events, trends in financial markets, the chance to win in a game – probability is fundamental for all these and many more!

### Written by Austin Crane

Austin is the principle web director for Untamed Science and Stone Age Man. He is also the web-director of the series for the High School biology, Middle Grades Science and Elementary Science content. When Austin isn't making amazing content for the web, he's out on his mountain bike or in a canoe.